DAY 5 // NOVEMBER 29, 2012
Transitional Justice
NOVEMBER 30, 2012
Human Trafficking
The essential element of trafficking in human beings (THB) is the exploitation of people in conditions amounting to slavery. Trafficking is considered as a modern form of slavery, a gross violation of human rights, fundamental freedoms and human dignity, and is often a form of violence against women.

"Trafficking in persons shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force (…), for the purpose of exploitation." It involves 3 elements
  • 1) recruitment, transportation, and transfer by using
  • 2) coercive means to achieve the victims' consent to
  • 3) sexual exploitation, forced labour, forced begging or services similar to slavery, servitude or removal of organs.
In Kosovo, THB is a criminal offence under article 139 of the Provisional Criminal Code of Kosovo and is punishable by a sentence of up to 20 years of imprisonment.

Who can be a victim of trafficking?

Anybody can be a victim of THB: men, women and children. They can be Kosovo inhabitants but also foreign nationals. In Kosovo, most of the victims are women, young girls and children. Nonetheless, there have been some cases of young men and boys being trafficked as well. Between January and August 2012, Kosovo police identified 56 victims of trafficking out of which 30 were Kosovars, 24 from Moldova, 1 from Albania and 1 from Slovakia. Nine of them were aged between 14-17 and 18 between 18 and 22.

Where and how to seek assistance

The anti-trafficking and domestic violence helpline operates under the Kosovo Victims Assistance and Advocacy Office/Prosecutors Office and is available on the following number free of charge: 0800 11112. The line operates from Monday to Friday from 08:00 – 22:00. All calls are free, confidential and anonymous.

The Kosovo police have anti-trafficking specialized sections at the local level across Kosovo. They work on the preventive aspects of this crime; anti-trafficking investigative activities; protection of the trafficked victims, and arrest of perpetrators.

Officials from the Kosovo Victims Assistance and Advocacy Office are specifically appointed to protect the victim’s interests and ensure her/his legal support and assistance. They operate across all of Kosovo. The Centres for Social Work have social workers within each Kosovo municipalities that offer a set of services to THB victims who would not otherwise be able to afford such services. In Kosovo there are three shelters which have the capacity to accommodate exclusively victims of trafficking, while five other shelters are available for victims of domestic violence and located throughout the five main Kosovo regions and these can also accommodate low-risk victims of trafficking.

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DAY 7 // DECEMBER 1, 2012
Women’s Economic Security
DAY 8 // DECEMBER 2, 2012
Child Marriage and Violence
DAY 9 // DECEMBER 3, 2012
Violence against non-majority groups