DAY 10
DAY 9 // DECEMBER 3, 2012
The reality of non-majority groups
DECEMBER 4, 2012
Violence against children
Violence against children happens everywhere around the world in all countries, whether rich or poor. There is no single factor to explain why a person behaves in a violent manner, but different factors may play an important role, such as unemployment, poverty, alcohol and drug abuse and mental health problems. Violence can affect all categories of children regardless of their personality, background, ethnicity, education, gender or age. Some categories of children are especially vulnerable to violence, such as children living or working on the streets, children from ethnic minorities or children with disabilities.

Children can be subjected to violence in different settings, including homes, schools, communities, places of work and residential institutions. Some of the violence experienced by children can be unexpected, but in most cases children experience violence by people they know and trust, such as parents, relatives, teachers, boyfriends/girlfriends, schoolmates and employers.

Definitions of different forms of violence:
  • - Physical violence – slapping, hitting, punching and other forms physical use of force
  • - Sexual violence – sexual touching, sexual harassment, sexual abuse, rape or sexual exploitation in prostitution or pornography and other forms
  • - Psychological violence – insulting, threatening, humiliating, name-calling, isolation and others forms
  • - Neglect – failure of a parent or other caregiver to provide children with the care and protection they need, such as shelter, food, clothing and medical care. It means also to not provide children with emotional support or not taking care of the child’s education.
Families are usually perceived as places of trust but sometimes they can also be dangerous for children; witnessing or experiencing violence always affects children.

Consequences of different forms of and witnessing violence can include increased risks for illness or physical injury, unwanted pregnancy, discrimination and difficulties at school. Psychological consequences include eating and sleeping disorder, feelings of shame, criminal and violent behavior, depression, anxiety, alcohol and drug abuse.

Violence can also affect the lives of children many years after it has happened, and children who experience or witness violence as a child are more at risk of experiencing violence later in their lives again.

Violence in the family is one of the most serious dangers for children in Kosovo. In over half of the reported cases of violence in the family also children experienced violence. Corporal punishment is widely accepted as a disciplinary tool of children in schools, and Kosovo society is still influenced by the belief that disciplining girls makes them ‘morally correct’ or disciplining boys makes them ’stronger’. Much of the violence experienced by children in general remains hidden and is often socially approved, but it is never justified and always a violation of children’s rights. Children’s rights, such as the rights to a safe childhood and the protection against all forms of violence, are included in the Convention of the Rights of the Child, and in Kosovo’s Constitution. In order to prevent violence against children in the future, it is important to engage in an open dialogue around beliefs related to violence that harms children.
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DAY 12 // DECEMBER 6, 2012
The role of Education
DAY 13 // DECEMBER 7, 2012
The role of Young Men