DAY 2 // NOVEMBER 26, 2012
UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace and Security
NOVEMBER 25, 2012
Women, Peace and Security
What is Human Security?

The concept of security has developed from a traditional state-centric approach to one in which the security needs of people are placed first. Having human security means protecting fundamental freedoms and human rights. It means protecting people from threats to their security or harm. Human security focuses on creating an environment where all people feel secure, and that in turn contributes to national, regional and international security. It means creating political, social, environmental, economic, security and cultural systems that, when combined, give people the building blocks for dignified survival and livelihood. Human security constitutes sustainable peace and development potential that can only be achieved when the basic needs and rights of all human beings are met.

What is Women’s Security?

Women throughout the world face attacks on their human rights and routine discrimination and violence, much of it defended through cultural and religious arguments. Even where discrimination is prohibited, it often persists in practice. Because of women’s subordinate position in society, women’s security is of particular concern as violence against women and girls is a widespread global phenomenon. It includes rape and domestic violence, harassment at work and school, and sexual violence in armed conflicts. A lack of participation of women in governance and security institutions, as well as decision-making and policy formulation, is a threat to women’s security as these institutions do not reflect women’s perspectives and needs. Violence and discrimination against women are the most significant barriers to the realization of gender equality where women’s human rights and security is guaranteed.

Is human security the same as peace?

What about Kosovo?

Members of the Kosovo judiciary and police force undergo compulsory training in women’s human rights and domestic violence to promote the protection of human security in Kosovo.

Kosovo institutions have gender machinery including municipal gender officials, gender officers within ministries and the Agency for Gender Equality within the Prime Minister’s Office.

The Kosovo Police have a human rights and gender equality unit, special investigation units on domestic violence and human trafficking and an internal gender advisory board to ensure that women’s security concerns are reflected throughout the organization.
Peace and security does not just mean the absence of fighting. There can be violence perpetrated by the state towards its citizens even when there is no war or armed conflict; this is referred to as structural violence.

Structural violence is always related to systemic discrimination and injustice towards a certain group in society - a country can have peace but also structural violence, creating a low level of human security. Worldwide, women and girls are often targeted by structural violence in the form of discrimination, being denied their right to equality before the law, equal access to education, property, work, and healthcare that in turn reinforces their subordinate position in society compared to men.

So is there peace if there is structural violence and discrimination? No, a positive peace requires social justice including non-discriminatory provision of human security to citizens. To get an understanding of the level of human security in a country, ask: how are the women and girls being treated? Do they have the same rights as men when it comes to the political, educational, economic, social, security and legal areas of society? Peace requires that both women and men enjoy equal rights. There is no peace if structural violence and discrimination against women and girls exists.
Peace is gender equality
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Gender based violence
DAY 4 // NOVEMBER 28, 2012
Conflict Related Sexual Violence
DAY 5 // NOVEMBER 29, 2012
Transitional Justice